빠바 유형독해 Part1-1 원문TEXT

빠바 유형독해 Part1-1

기출예제 1

다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

A child whose behavior is out of control improves when clear limits on their behavior are set and enforced. However, parents must agree on where a limit will be set and how it will be enforced. The limit and the consequence of breaking the limit must be clearly presented to the child. Enforcement of the limit should be consistent and firm. Too many limits are difficult to learn and may spoil the normal development of autonomy. The limit must be reasonable in terms of the child’s age, temperament, and developmental level. To be effective, both parents (and other adults in the home) must enforce limits. Otherwise, children may effectively split the parents and seek to test the limits with the more indulgent parent. In all situations, to be effective, punishment must be brief and linked directly to a behavior.


ways of giving reward and punishment fairly

consideration when placing limits on children's behavior

increasing necessity of parents' participation in dicipline

impact of caregivers' personality on children's development

reasons for encouraging children to do socially right things


기출예제 2

다음 글의 제목 가장 적절한 것은?

Every culture contains an unspoken “schedule” that tells people when to take important steps in their life, such as when to begin dating, when to buy a home, and when to start a family. This timetable functions as a kind of social clock, letting you know whether you’re getting ahead of your peers, keeping pace with them, or falling behind. Using this clock, you are able to evaluate both your social and professional development. If you find that you are keeping up with your peers, you are likely to feel comfortable, well adjusted, and socially accepted. However, if you find yourself running late, you’re more likely to experience anxiety and dissatisfaction. Though the social clocks of many modern cultures have grown more flexible and less intolerant of deviations from the expected schedule, they still push people to keep up with their peers.


Social Clock: An Unavoidable Pressure

When Is the Right Time to Start Dating?

Time Management: A Matter of Concern for All

Flexibility and Tolerance of Today's Social Clock

Why Is It Better to Keep Pace Than Fall Behind?


1 다음 글의 제목 가장 적절한 것은?

When eating out, people trying to save money might skip dessert or share a dish with a friend. However, research suggests that this is not the best way to spend less in a restaurant. A better idea is to order your meal before the people you are eating with. A study showed that peer pressure has a strong effect on what you choose to eat. If your friends order expensive meals, you probably will too—even if you can’t afford to. But by ordering first, you can make an affordable choice without any peer pressure. Even if your friends order something expensive after you, your mind has already been made up. It is also a good idea to check the online menu first and choose your dish before you go out. This will help you make an affordable choice and lower your spending.


The Problem with Online Menus

Inviting Friends to Your Meals

Saving Money by Skipping Dessert

How to Save When Dining Out

Online Menus Make Wise Decisions


2 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

Good news is no news, but bad news sells. This is the general rule that most news organizations—newspapers and television news programs—have followed. Nowadays, however, most news stories are available online, and people post them on social media to share them with friends and family. In this case, researchers have found that good news spreads farther than bad news. In other words, people are more likely to email a news story to a friend or post it on their social media page if it has a positive message. This difference may be due to the fact that news organizations only care about the number of viewers or readers they get. They don’t care about how viewers feel after they’ve seen, heard, or read the story. But when people share stories, they do care about how their friends react. And most of them would rather put their friends in a good mood than make them feel sad.


tips for getting your social media posts noticed

why positive information spreads farther on social media

how social media changed the way information is shared

the role of social media in facilitating exchanges of news

social media strategies targeting people in search of good news


3 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

Different animals tolerate the presence of humans to different degrees. Many species run away the moment they sense a person nearby, while others are more tolerant. One factor that affects their reaction is how they care for their young. Certain species, including bears and elephants, react more aggressively when they are with their young. Other species are less tolerant during mating season. Also, animals that are dependent on a specific habitat or food are less likely to allow humans to get close to them. The same holds true for animals that live alone, while those that live in large groups generally ignore people. Within a species, past experiences can change how individual animals behave. Australia’s red-necked wallabies, for example, generally avoid coming in close contact with people. But they are much less shy near picnic areas, most likely because visitors have fed them before.


the distinctive features of friendly animals

different ways for animals to escape hunters

proper ways of behaving around wild animals

reasons why animals live together in large groups

factors that influence how animals respond to humans



윗글의 밑줄 문장에서 어법상 틀린 부분을 군데 찾아 바르게 고쳐 쓰시오.


4 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

Many people suffer from a fear of speaking in front of an audience. However, from our earliest years of childhood, we develop into able storytellers. Just by observing everyday conversations at school or in the workplace, we can see that storytelling is an integral part of socializing for everyone. We all do it, all the time, to the point that we don’t even notice. However, as soon as we realize that we have to tell a story in front of a crowd, our fear of public speaking kicks in. Even if we have an interesting narrative, many of us have difficulty delivering it with confidence. Adapting to storytelling on a stage is not like learning a new skill. It simply requires the use of our instinctual, unconscious abilities, but in a high-pressure environment instead of a casual one. We just need to figure out how to make that switch.


characteristics of human language

ways to write interesting narratives

humans’ natural ability to tell stories

the importance of learning storytelling in childhood

why talented storytellers are good at public speaking 


5 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?

Being kind toward others is always the right thing to do. However, kindness might have even more benefits than most people realize. Studies have shown that acts of kindness strengthen the immune system. They also cause the brain to produce more serotonin, a natural substance that makes us feel more relaxed and peaceful. In fact, medicine used to fight depression works in the same way—it increases the body’s serotonin production. These positive effects take place in both the person who receives the act of kindness and the person who performs it. Surprisingly, even a person who simply sees an act of kindness can experience the same kind of effects. This new information gives people another good reason to treat each other kindly.


  the exact scientific definition of kindness

the reason people are unkind to each other

the downside of receiving an act of kindness

an unexpected benefit of treating others well

a chemical that cause people to feel depressed


6 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?

In an effort to make its subways and buses less crowded at rush hour, Singapore’s Ministry of Transport started offering free rides to early-morning passengers. As a result, 7 percent of commuters changed their habits to take advantage of the offer. Since the new policy was established, Singapore’s transit system has become much more comfortable for morning commuters. And a smoother ride for passengers is not the only benefit of this move. Indeed, people who did not normally take public transportation in the morning started opting to do so instead of driving to take advantage of the free rides. Thus, a secondary effect of the free early-morning commute has been a reduction in congestion on the roads, which means that drivers also benefit from the decision. In the future, other cities suffering from rush-hour problems might decide to follow Singapore’s example.


The Benefits of Using Public Transportation

Why Should We Lower Transportation Fees?

The Poor Transportation System in Singapore

A Strategy to Relieve Rush Hour Overcrowding

How Singapore Designed a New Transit Fare Policy

Grammar (A), (B), (C) 네모 안에서 어법에 맞는 표현으로 가장 적절한 것은?

    (A)     (B)       (C)
is starting which

is started which

was started that

was starting that

was started which


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