성일고 내신기출 영어1 시사(박준언) 1과(코코스학원)
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다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.
Q: What is the first thing we should know about stress?
You need to understand that ___________________. It is a normal reaction (A) which almost everyone experiences. In fact, stress is a natural alarm system in your brain and body, (B) going back to the primitive days. This involuntary response developed in our ancestors as a way to protect them from predators and other threats. Imagine (C) that you meet a tiger in the jungle. You have to fight it or run fast to save your life, so your body turns on its emergency system, and it (D) releases into the blood the hormones that speed up your heart rate, increase your blood pressure, boost your energy, and prepare you to deal with the problem. Experts call this the “fight-or-flight response,” and the human race could not (E) survived in its early, tough natural environment without it.
빈 칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? [성일고 1과]
① being stressful doesn't mean that you are ill
② your body requires the natural hormones
③ our ancestors had treated stress more easily
④ stress can be harmful to your daily lives
⑤ stressful life in primitive days was natural
밑줄 친 (A)~(E)중 어법상 적절치 않은 것은? [성일고 1과]
① (A) ② (B) ③ (C) ④ (D) ⑤ (E)
다음 인터뷰를 읽고 물음에 답하시오.
Q: Why does everybody think stress is a big problem?
The problem is, times have changed, but the stress reaction remains the same. Stress hormones burn away when you get rid of the stress source. Back in the old days, it was a matter of either death or survival, and then the crisis came to an end. (ㄱ) Now, however, many of your worries are not as instantly resolved as they were when you used to bump into tigers. You might have an exam tomorrow and an assignment due the day after tomorrow. (ㄴ) When the stress hormones stay in your body and build up, the danger signs from your body appear. Blood rushes to your face. Your stomach stops working and feels upset or as if (a) it is tied up in knots. You feel restless in your legs and have difficulty going to sleep. None of this helps you with doing your homework, and when it keeps happening, it can harm your health.
Q: What do we need to do to deal with it?
We all know that the best response is to fight and solve the problem, but (b) it's not always easy. In that case, the hormone might make you want to run away, but running away from your problems is one of the worst way to deal with stress. For example, skipping school may feel good at the time, but (c) it will drag you into even deeper trouble afterward. A better way to deal with stress is physical exercise, for what the stress hormone really tells you to do is to literally move your body and run. Exercise burns away stress hormone and replaces (d) it with others that make you happy. Then your body will be refreshed and ready to meet the next challenge. Finally, it is essential to strike a balance between work and play. Even through studying in school is important, (e) it is not everything. When you plan your week, schedule time to get schoolwork done, but also schedule time to have fun. When it's time to enjoy yourself, try not to worry about school or homework. Focus on having fun.
토론한 내용 중 위의 인터뷰의 내용과 일치하는 것을 모두 고르면? [성일고 1과]
A: 스트레스가 문제가 되는 이유는, 시대가 변하고 스트레스에 대한 반응도 변했다는 것이구나.
B: 당장 “죽느냐 사느냐” 같이 즉각 해결이 되던 옛날과는 달리 요즘의 걱정거리들은 즉각 해결이 되지를 않지.
C: 해소되지 못한 스트레스 호르몬들이 체내에 축적되면서 몸에 여러 가지 이상을 일으키고 반복되면 건강을 해칠 수도 있어.
D: 스트레스의 원인이 되는 문제들을 해결하는 것이 가장 좋은 방법이겠지만 그게 항상 쉬운 게 아니잖아.
E: 그래서 스트레스에 대처하는 방법으로는 힘든 상황에서 벗어나 몸을 편안하게 쉬게 해주는 것이 좋은 방법이지.
① A, B, C
② A, B, D
③ A, C, D
④ B, C, D
⑤ B, C, D, E
밑줄 친 (a)~(e)가 나타내는 바로 적절하지 않은 것은? [성일고 1과]
① (a) : your stomach
② (b) : to fight and solve the problem
③ (c) : skipping school
④ (d) : stress hormone
⑤ (e) : to strike a balance between work and play
[서술형] 밑줄 친 (ㄱ)에 해당하는 걱정거리를 (A) 단락에서 1개 이상 찾아 우리말로 쓰시오. [성일고 1과]
서술형] 밑줄 친 (ㄴ)에 해당하는 몸의 위험신호 증상을 (A) 단락에서 찾아 2개 이상 우리말로 쓰시오. [성일고 1과]
① 피가 얼굴로 몰린다, ② 위장이 작동을 멈추고 속이 좋지 않거나 장이 꼬여 뭉친 느낌이 난다, ③ 다리를 가만히 두지 못한다, ④ 잠을 쉽게 이루지 못한다.
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