[초간단 문법편 실전] 2강 사역동사, 지각동사 수동태 총정리

C 수동태의 형태

The old man was respected / by the villagers as a leader.
노인은 마을 사람들에게 지도자로 존경받았다.

기본형: be동사+p.p.

 

It was clear that the child had been well raised by his parents.

분명했다.  / 그아이 부모님들에 의해 키워졌음이

완료형: havehas, had been+p.p.

 

The injured soccer player / was being carried to the ambulance.

부상당한 선수가 / 구급차에 옮겨지고 있었다. 

진행형: be동사+being+p.p. 

 

D 목적어가 개인 4형식의 문장의 수동태

My teacher asked me a lot of additional questions. 간접 목적어 직접 목적어 

 I was asked a lot of additional questions by my teacher. 간접 목적어가 주어인 경우
 A lot of additional questions were asked of me by my teacher.
선생님은 나에게 많은 추가적인 질문을 하셨다.

직접 목적어가 주어인 경우, 동사에 따라 간접 목적어 앞에 전치사 to, for, of  

 

E 사역동사와 지각동사의 수동태
The police officer made me
walk a straight line. 사역동사
I was made to walk a straight line / by the police officer. 

찰관은 내가 똑바로 걷게 했다.

목적격 보어로 쓰인 원형부정사를 to부정사로

 

She found her son sleeping on the back seat of the car. 지각동사
Her son was found sleeping on the back seat of the car by her.

그녀는 아들이 차의 뒷좌석에서 자고 있는 것을 발견했다.

 

F 동사구의 수동태


They called off the garden party because of the heavy rain.
The garden party was called off because of the heavy rain.
그들은 폭우로 인해 정원 파티를 취소했다. 

동사구는 하나의 동사로 취급

 

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